To favor regular immigration against “the manpower emergency” in our country. This is what the data suggests “2022 Report on the economics of immigration”edited by Leone Moressa Foundation and presented yesterday at House of Representatives. “Although the pandemic has led to a drop in the income declared by immigrant taxpayers (-4.3%) – they explained Henry of Pasquale And Chiara Tronchin of the Foundation – the balance between tax and social security revenues (revenues, 28.2 billion) and public spending on welfare services (expenditures, 26.8 billion) remained positive for +1.4 billion euro. Immigrants, mainly of working age, have in fact a low impact on the main items of public expenditure such as health care and pensions”.
As far as the types of work are concerned, it should be noted that “among Italians, 37.5% carry out qualified and technical activities, against 7.8% of foreigners. On the contrary, unskilled workers are 8.5% among Italians and 31.7% among foreigners. Despite the concentration in the medium-low ranges, immigrant workers produce 144 billion of Added Value, giving a contribution to the GDP equal to 9%. The impact on GDP increases significantly in Agriculture (17.9%), Catering (16.9%) and Construction (16.3%)”. “The contribution of foreign labor in Italy is fundamental and by now structural on an economic level”, said the deputy Richard Magi, president of +Europe, which hosted the presentation of the Report. “Asking how to increase the legal entry of foreign workers should be a priority for governments, regardless of the political majority. Instead, the debate revolves around the issue of NGOs and the landings of a few hundred people. The data of the Moressa foundation – observed the MP – they should be known by all to address the migration issue in Italy with greater awareness, leaving aside the same old slogans”.
The report also underlines a recovery in entries for work: “After the closures of 2020, in 2021 the Residence Permits issued: 274 thousand, more than double the previous year. Above all, entries for work are recovering, going from 10,000 to over 50,000 and equal to 18.5% of total permits. However, the first entry channel for immigrants in Italy is family reunification (44% of new Permits). Entries for work in Italy (8.5 per 10,000 inhabitants) remain at a much lower level than the EU average (29.8). Foreigners residing in Italy are now stable at 5.2 million, 8.8% of the population”. Another significant figure concerns amnesties: “Italian migration policy has had to periodically resort to emersion procedures. A total of 8 regularizations in about 30 years, with over 2 million beneficiaries”.
How to avoid it in favor of a permanent regularization? “I resubmitted in this legislature – he concluded Magi – the proposed law ‘I was a foreigner’ which provides, inter alia, for the regularization on an individual basis of foreigners who find themselves in a situation of irregular stay when it is demonstrable the existence in Italy of the availability of a working activity or proven family ties or the absence of concrete ties with the country of origin, on the model of the Spain and of Germany”.
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This is why Italy needs more immigrants: how to get out of the labor crisis – Il Riformista