The Consulate of Italy pay 449.11 euros per year to Municipal Funeral Company (EFM) of Palma for the maintenance of a fascist mausoleum built in the thirties to honor its “martyrs”.
Although some sources say that the 66 Italians who died in Majorca during the Spanish Civil Warthe documentation that accompanies the last receipt of the EFM figures in 18 people the number of burials, 17 of them were buried between 1937 and 1940. The other burial dates from May 1962, according to the official record.
The funerary monument is included in the census of elements contrary to democratic memory that the Llei de Memòria Democràtica de Baleares forces to withdraw. The Vice-presidency of the Governmentunder the baton of the judge Yllaneshas asked the delegate of the Government, Aina Calvo, to carry out a procedure before the Italian embassy to force compliance with the norm. It is not in vain that the mausoleum is also expected to be included in the state census of elements contrary to democratic memory after the recent approval of the state Democratic Memory Law.
Brought from Rome
Classical in style and shaped like a column (so tall that it can be seen from outside the cemetery), the mausoleum is adorned with a large bronze eagle. It was designed in the Italy of mussolini and transferred from there to Mallorca under the supervision of an engineer.
«It is an element that appears in the census of fascist symbology Palm. We do not object to the burying of people who died in the War, but in this case it is a sign with clear fascist connotations, crowned by a large bronze eagle. I believe that the Italian state, which to this day continues to pay the dues, should remove the bronze statue and do with it what it deems necessary”, says the Autonomous Secretary of Democratic Memory, Jesus Jury.
Some sources point out that since its construction in the 1930s, it is common for the Italian authorities to render homage to their fallen in the Palma cemetery, as they do in the municipal cemeteries of Menorca. November 4 is the Day of the National Unity of the Armed Forces in Italy. The celebration commemorates since 1919 the Italian victory in the First World War and the fulfillment of the Risorgimento process.
The alliance between the national side of the rebels and the axis powers against spanish republic It was of great importance in the Balearic Islands due to the geostrategic position of the Islands.
The bombardments against the civilian population of Barcelona were planned and executed by the Mussolini’s aviation based in the Islands. Fascist Italy built monumental mausoleums in the cemeteries of Palma and Ciutadel·la to bury their “martyrs”. The majority are crew members of planes shot down by the republican anti-aircraft media in the framework of these bombardments against the civilian population of Catalonia.
the mausoleum of city is a graphic proof of the collaboration between Francoism and fascism Italian. It is no coincidence that in the Way of the Martyrs from the cemetery we find separated only by a few meters the monument to the fallen Italians and the tomb owned by the Spanish Air Forceerected in 1960. The street that separates the two tombs is called way of the cross. The Italian mausoleum is the work of the architect Ugo Geunari and came directly from Mussolini’s Italy with the coordination of the engineer Ricardo Zorgi.
Mussolini’s executing arm during the Civil War in the Islands (with the exception of Menorca, which continued in the hands of the Republic) was Arconovaldo Bonaccorsi, known by the nickname of count rossi and considered one of the greatest repressors of the time.
The Government of Italy finances a fascist mausoleum in the Palma cemetery