Photovoltaic alliance: only 18.9% of energy in Italy is produced from renewables

To face the energy crisis and accelerate the ecological transition, a development plan is needed which is tight on time and which significantly increases the production of renewable energy in Italy, and which immediately simplifies the authorization procedures, reducing the long timescales for installing the systems.

In fact, as photographed by the Gse, the energy produced from renewable sources covered only 18.9% of the Italian national energy needs during 2022. A percentage that places Italy behind both the immediate demands of citizens and compared to the objectives set by the EU for 2030 to reduce greenhouse gas emissions from 40% to 55%.

The most immediate and economical solution for the production of electricity from renewable sources, thanks to the technical-scientific evolution of the last 15 years, is ground-based photovoltaics. These are the evidences at the center of the conference “Photovoltaic, a renewable resource for the development of the country” organized by the Alliance for Photovoltaic in Italy.

Photovoltaics not only on roofs

For increase the contribution of the photovoltaic in fact, it is not possible to invest only in roof installations, the operators of the sector specify. Assuming that all the roofs were covered, the available surfaces would not be sufficient to reach the necessary power, and in any case not all the roofs can accommodate systems for reasons of landscape constraints and technical feasibility. Furthermore, this type of intervention is paid by private individuals and requires years for approval and amortization, therefore they are the prerogative of a very small portion of the population.

Government commitments

The Meloni government has launched the “first positive signals” in the photovoltaic sector, underlines the Deputy Minister of the Environment and Energy Security, Vannia Gava. Specifically, the intention to reach 70 GW in six years instead of ten, and to strengthen the Commission which examines the requests of Via (environmental impact assessment) bringing it from 40 to 70 members, so as to speed up the authorization process.

However, there remain two bottlenecks on which the government will have to commit itself to act. On the one hand, it will have to remove the obstacles blocking the construction sites, first and foremost the ideological obstacles such as the constraints placed by the Superintendencies, “whose powers have already been rationalized in simplification processes adopted during the last legislature”. On the other hand, the construction of new plants is blocked by the problem of fundamental critical materials for the ecological, energy and digital transition. However, Gava reassures the ministry, is supporting the GSE in defining the requirements for the disposal of photovoltaics and participates in the technical table for critical raw materials promoted last year at the Ministry of Economic Development, “with the aim of encouraging supply chains strategic in order not to transform the dependence on Russian gas into a dependence on Chinese rare earths”. (all rights reserved)

Photovoltaic alliance: only 18.9% of energy in Italy is produced from renewables –