On January 13, but in 1970, the Biafra separatist forces sign the surrender to the central government of Nigeria, ending the civil war that began in 1967 and caused nearly a million deaths and a terrible famine.
1750.- Treaty of Madrid, signed by Spain and Portugal to define the boundaries between their respective colonies in South America.
1898.- the french writer Emile Zola publishes his famous article “J’Accuse” (I accuse) in the newspaper L’Aurore.
1908.- The Frenchman Henri Farman achieves a flight of a thousand meters with a biplanein a closed circuit.
1915.- An earthquake destroys the city of Avezzano (Italy) and causes the death of more than 30,000 people.
1927.- Discovery of the holographic testament of Hernán Cortés.
1930.- Walt Disney publishes the First Mickey Mouse comic strip.
1955.- The Nicaraguan President, Anastasio Somoza challenges the president of Costa Rica, José Figueres, to resolve the dispute between the two countries through a pistol duel.
1969.- The Beatles release the album “Yellow Submarine”.
1970.- The separatist forces of Biafra sign the surrender to the central government of Nigeria, thus ending the civil war that began in 1967 and caused close to a million deaths and a terrible famine.
1973.- Eleven aviation officers are executed in Morocco involved in an attack against King Hassan II of Morocco.
1992.- Published the constitution of Mongoliawhich establishes parliamentary democracy and universal suffrage.
1993.- Agreement in Paris for the prohibition of chemical weapons.
2001.- In El Salvador, a magnitude 7.7 earthquake causes more than 800 deaths and half a million victims.
2004.- The Special Summit of the Americas ends in Monterrey (Mexico) with the signing of the Declaration of Nuevo Leon.
2011.- More than 500 people die from torrential rains that hit the Brazilian state of Rio de Janeiro.
2012.- The Italian cruise ship “Costa Concordia” sank off the Italian island of Giglio causing 32 deaths.
2016.- The Chilean Alejandro Aravena wins the Pritzker Architecture Prize.
2019.- Julen Roselló, a 2-year-old boy, falls into a well in Totalán (Málaga). His corpse was rescued 13 days later, after an impressive engineering job.
2021.- In Estonia, the Prime Minister, Jüri Ratas, resigns for a case of corruption in his party.
2022.- Queen Elizabeth II withdraws military titles from Prince Andrew after the scandal over his alleged involvement in a case of sexual abuse.
1900.- Gertrude CoxAmerican statistic.
1919.-Robert StackAmerican actor.
1924.- Roland PetitFrench dancer and choreographer.
1927.- Sydney BrennerSouth African biologist.
1935.- Marcos AguinisArgentine writer.
1938.- Gregorio Peces-BarbaSpanish professor and politician.
1947.- Carlos RexachSpanish footballer.
1958.- Paco BuyoSpanish footballer.
1966.- Patrick DempseyAmerican actor.
1970.- Marco PantaniItalian cyclist.
1973.- Juan Diego FlórezPeruvian tenor.
1977.- Orlando BloomBritish actor.
1984.- Raif BadawiSaudi blogger and human rights defender.
1990.-Liam HemsworthAustralian actor.
1997.- Egan Bernal, Colombian cyclist.
1691.-George FoxEnglish mystic, founder of the religious community of Quakers.
1854.- José Fructuoso Riveramilitary and first constitutional president of Uruguay.
1941.-James JoyceIrish writer.
2004.- Harold Shipmanknown as “doctor death”, a British doctor accused of killing at least 218 patients.
2006.- Raúl AnguianoMexican painter.
2007.-Michael BreckerAmerican saxophonist.
2009.- Nancy Bird-WaltonAustralian aviation pioneer.
2010.- Teddy PendergrassAmerican soul singer.
2015.- Isabel Rosado MoralesPuerto Rican independentist.
2017.- Horacio GuaranyArgentine singer and composer.
2020.- Jaime Humberto HermosilloMexican filmmaker.
Ephemeris of January 13: What happened in the world on a day like today